Father Of Thermodynamics.

Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot. 

(An inspiration for every mechanical engineering student)

The applications of the laws of thermodynamics has led to the discovery of important machines like automobile, ships, airplanes , refrigerator, air-conditioner, etc. A young man, Nicholas Leonard Sadi Carnot of 36 years of age is considered to be the father of thermodynamics.


   Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, the son of high-ranking military leader Lazare Nicholas Marguerite Carnot, was born in Paris in 1796.Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot was born in Paris into a family that was distinguished in both science and politics. He was the first son of Lazare Nicholas Marguerite Carnot, an eminent mathematician, military engineer and leader of the French Revolutionary Army.His father resigned from the army in 1807 to educate Nicolas and his brother Hippolyte—both received a broad, home-based education that included science, art, language, and music.

In 1812, the 16-year-old Nicolas Carnot was admitted to the highly esteemed École Polytechnique in Paris. His instructors professors are included Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, Siméon Denis Poisson, and André-Marie Ampère; fellow students included famous future scientists Claude-Louis Navier, and Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis.

During his time in school, Carnot developed a special interest in the theory of gases and solving industrial engineering problems.

After graduation, Carnot entered the French Army as a military engineer and served until 1814. In 1821, he visited his father, who had moved to Magdeburg, Germany. Lazare had seen a steam engine that had come to the city and father and son spent much of their time together discussing theories about how steam engines worked.

Sadi Carnot is a shining example for the young generation for it was his hard work and inventions which has lead to the design, developments and manufacture of present day automobiles. Personally, when I remember the contributions of this boy, I get goosebumps. Had he lived little longer, I’m sure he would have been involved in many greater inventions. Though lots of research has been carried out in the field of thermodynamics, the works of Sadi Carnot are considered to be the most important and systematic. It’s amazing to know that the boy of 36 is considered to be the father of thermodynamics.

I have hardly seen any other young person who has been given such a high designation. Sadi Carnot is the inventor of Carnot theorem and Carnot Cycle which lay the foundations for second law of thermodynamics and present day automobiles.

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